Antibiotics for Sinus Infections
Are there really effective
antibiotics for treating sinus infections? Antibiotics
are used for patients who are suffering from certain infections
like that of the sinus. The medicine kills the bacteria inside
the body which is responsible for the infection.
Doctors don’t prescribe antibiotics for
viral influenza and common cold because it is ineffective for
A healthy body can easily fight bacterial infections but
this is not the case all the time. Some individuals are not
that healthy and this means that their immune system is not
working at its best, in short, the immune system is impaired.
The white blood cells and the antibodies in some unhealthy
individuals are not enough to fight the illness. The most
commonly used antibiotics these days are penicillin,
,macrolides, cephalosporins, and flouroquinolones.
Antibiotics can be narrow-spectrum and broad-spectrum. In
most cases, doctor prescribes the former kind of antibiotic
because it is much cheaper but very effective in treating the
bacterial infection. On the other hand, the latter often
promotes antibiotic resistance and so it is given when badly
Penicillin and macrolides are both narrow-spectrum
antibiotics while the cephalosporins and flouroquinolones are
noth broad-spectrum antibiotics.
Bacteria can easily reproduce, thereby multiplying at a fast
rate especially when they have entered the host’s body.
Penicillin can interfere with the building functions of the
bacteria thereby stopping the infections. Amoxicillin is a very
good example for treating sinus infections.
This antibiotic blocks or slows down the bacteria’s protein
formation. This medicine does not eliminate the bacteria since
its primary function is to curb the multiplication of the
bacteria. By using the medicine, the immune system will be the
one to eliminate the said bacteria. When this antibiotic is
administered in large doses, it can also kill certain kinds of
bacteria. Clarithromycin and erythromycin are very good
examples of this kind of antibiotic. ENT specialists often
prescribe clarithromycin for sinus infections.
This is already a broad-spectrum antibiotic and it works by
inhibiting synthesis in the bacteria’s cell walls. Individuals
who have a penicillin allergy are often given ceftibuten
dehydrate which is a 3rd generation cephalosporins. Most ENT
experts prescribe this antibiotic for those with penicillin
Like the cephalosporins, this is another broad-spectrum
antiobiotic and it is among the newest class. This antibiotic
interferes with the bacterial DNA replication process. For
sinus infections, Moxifloxacin is often given to patients.
Doctors can’t just prescribe any antibiotic for the patient
suffering from sinus infections. There are certain factors to
consider like the cost of the medicine, the allergies of the
individual, the possible side effects or serious reactions to
the medicine, the illness’ severity and nature, and the rate at
which the medicine is eliminated by the body.
Mild infections can be given narrow-spectrum antibiotics
such as amoxicillin. Broad-spectrum antibiotics are given to
patients with chronic sinus infections. Oftentimes, medical
practitioners can’t prescribe the same line of antibiotics
because the effects vary from one individual to another. Having
a personal doctor is an advantage because he or she is familiar
with your medical history.
You can’t use a certain antibiotic without the prescription
of your doctor because it can only worsen your condition.
Consult your doctor right away if you’re having a sinus
infection. That way, your current condition can be assessed
thoroughly and a new line of medicines can be prescribed.
Most doctors recommend antibiotics for patients suffering
from sinus infections. Are the effective? Not always which is
why you should tell your doctor if it is doing well or not so
something else can be given.
There are two types of antibiotics that are used for sinus
infections. The first are known as narrow spectrum antibiotics.
This means that it is designed to only fight a certain type of
bacteria. The second are broad spectrum antibiotics that attack
a wide range of bacteria.
Studies have shown that the second type is more effective
but are more likely to promote antibiotic resistance. This is
why most doctors will recommend the first type first then
resort to the second when there is no other option. Here are a
few of the antibiotics in the market.
The first are Aminoglycosides and these are classified as
narrow spectrum antibiotics. This can be administered through
irrigation or inhaling through the nose. Given that it is very
strong, this should only be administered in the presence of a
doctor because it has serious side effects that include damage
to hearing, sense of balance and may cause damage to the
You also have Macrolides are another form of narrow spectrum
antibiotics as it is designed to fight the cocci bacteria. This
can be taken orally and tests have shown that it is very
effective in slowing or blocking protein formation in the
There are also Cephalosporins which are broad spectrum
antibiotics. This can be taken orally or through the ear and
often used for patients who are resistant to penicillin. The
side effects associated with this antibiotic are diarrhea and
Penicillin is not only used to treat people with kidney
problems. They can also be used to fight bacterial that causes
sinus infection by slowing metabolic functions vital to
bacterial cell wall formation and by stimulating production of
enzymes that eventually destroy cell walls. Thus, making it
another example of broad spectrum antibiotics that will only
attack actively multiplying bacteria and the two commonly used
are amoxycillin and amoxycillin-clavulanate.
Among the antibiotics mentioned, Quinolones and
Fluoroquinolones are rarely prescribed to patients. These two
are broad spectrum antibiotics and although it is effective in
treating legionella and mycoplasma, it can interfere with a
patient’s DNA activity.
People should keep in mind that a sinus infection is
different from a cold. The sinus infection can be caused
by the cold and the only time that the doctor will prescribe an
antibiotic is when this lasts longer than 7 days.
In order for the doctor to recommend the best antibiotic
around, he or she must first identify the kind of bacteria that
is present. To do this, the doctor will remove a swab of nasal
discharge and let it grow into a bacterial culture in the
If properly identified, the doctor will be able to prescribe
the correct antibiotic and you will see an improvement within a
day or two after starting the treatment. However, if you only
feel better on the tenth day, your condition improved not
because of the antibiotic but because your body was somehow
able to fight the bacteria on its own.
Antibiotics can only be used if bacteria caused your sinus
infection. Otherwise, something else will be recommended to fix
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